LOOKING THROUGH THE FUTURE BINDER
by David Eide .

What else does the reading, if not study, of history teach you but that there is an enormous amount of things going on all the time, every generation, without cease, from the beginning of time through all the fabled avenues and dusty roads to the present and out into the deep future? Sometimes the mind feels depressed at such a thought. Why does history reveal this to us? Why are we interested? Aren't we interested because of our interest in change? Things change. Why do they change? How broad is the change and so forth? What is the nature of the change? Quite frankly no one can really anticipate the change.

We are interested in all of this history because we see men and women like ourselves in thoroughly different circumstances, working, playing, dressing, creating under different pressures out of the momentum of this daily life which has never ceased. Not for one minute has it ceased. Aspects of ourselves, potentials that we have lost, mistakes that we are liable to make up ahead are some reasons why history is consulted.

A man comes to me with his pessimistic view of the world and he seems right, has the power of rightness. But then I open a good history account and I see this fellow in another age, separated by every circumstance that gave rise to the pessimism except the mind itself and realize that attitudes can only chase us into something which we need to look at. But, to commit ourselves fully one way or another is ridiculous. It dumps us back into a historical condition that we are striving to get out of all the time, even if we fail miserably time after time.

I don't trust people who are cut off from the past.

It impresses me to think what can happen in a few square miles of city, among a few dozen thousands of people, without any technological advantage in the modern sense, over a fifty or one hundred year period. It utterly inspires me. The further back it goes the more inspiring since by logic one is brought to the place when it wasn't all happening. When the activity was not yet discovered and so the awareness begins to penetrate that it has all been invented. That it has all been created and therefore life is very open-ended.

The sparks are there; they do not need to be analyzed. And when you are inspired thoroughly whatever demoralization creeps up on you is banished.

It's the demoralization that I fear the most. I have seen it. I have experience of it myself. Part of it does have to do with the necessity to identify on this huge, generalized scale; an impossible thing to do. You have to lose all sense of being human to identify in that fashion. As well, life seems to carp at itself and beat itself down as if it really doesn't want to see the light.

I am pretty familiar with 1300 onward. 686 years. I have occupied what? 5%. I have directly experienced 5% of that time. But I can trace my relatives back and know each generation of that for about 50% of that time. Plus, I have a fairly complete record of one year. Am conscious of what one year feels like. Can factor in and factor out these things which break historical continuity, such as modern technology. So that I am familiar with what I know, how I react to things, what petty fears move through me, what I am attracted by and so forth. I am familiar with what things demoralize existence, what things exhaust it. I am familiar with the difference between truth and propaganda. I know that people have generally been free as I have been free except that they didn't have the technology or the Constitution. Regardless, the behavior of free men and women has rarely changed.

I also believe that the mind is constant. That it does not change its basic structure from one generation to another so that attention and emphasis in one area is going to limit and contact another area. It this stage that creates a great deal of history or, at least, historical interest. Choices begin in single minds, spread to vital like-minds and then is picked up by the general culture where it meets all kinds of resistance and different pressures until it collapses of exhaustion. If the choice proves to be particularly potent it is organized and buttressed by everything organizations can lay its hands on.

Choices and opportunities are the key words to history and culture. They pass through each generation like the invisible wind.

Hopefully one is familiar with its great spirits who, you will find out, are travelling with you.

The great laughter!

Well, what has changed in these 680 years or so? Call it 700 years to be safe about it.

Much has changed to understate the obvious. Look at the constants first. Men still need to travel and transport goods: he still needs to eat and dispose of waste material: he must bury the dead. He must sleep. He must occupy himself when he is away from his work. Work is another constant. He must defend himself from enemies. He must attempt to answer enormous questions of life and death. He fears, loves, hates, suffers, etc. These are constant through the generations. He must house himself and protect himself from the elements. She must bear and raise children. He must educate himself as best he can. He must rule himself. These he was doing in 1300 and he will be doing these into the future.

Obviously, the contents of these things change; the ways and means of travel and transportation, the quality, variety of food, entertainments, occupations, weapons, philosophies, and religions, architecture etc. These changes pour through the generations.

What you want to ponder on is how the changes have changed the human being. There doesn't seem to be a correlation between changes in the environment and changes with human nature. Which, at times, makes human nature appear utterly backwards in relation to the environment he has created.

We know we don't want the diseases, the superstitions, the crime-ridden streets, the muck and mire, the god awful back-breaking toil, the exploitation, or the elites in their castles. We don't want this. And yet, we can't say for sure what exactly it is we do want. We want to invent and create and entertain ourselves, enjoy our children, enjoy our families and friends in peace and pursue our happiness without great disturbances. And yet, there is disturbance every moment. Just the thought of nuclear weapons is disturbing enough to preclude full happiness. These enormous problems that have received publicity have the same effect. Every time you drive your car out of necessity you risk getting slaughtered. You add to the poisonous atmosphere, you add to the depletion of resources. People don't take these things seriously until the full effect of this falls on them.

I see great emptiness in much of the life lived today. I don't want to see it. I don't see it all the time. I don't see anything compelling that is pulling out the best in people, in a general sense. That is disturbing. But, if you were to take 10 million or so individuals who lived in 1300, picked them up randomly, gave them new clothes, the language and customs of today they would be no different.

The great differences are that in our culture the emptiness is plunged back into activity of one kind or another which, in its turn, creates a great deal of the culture. While in other cultures that emptiness was plunged into religious belief which provided redemption for the present necessity. If you took that fellow who plunged his sense of emptiness into religious faith and suddenly told him, "we are going to pull you out of your era and put you in another one, here are some things you'll have to know," at which time you would tell him that there is no afterlife or it is very problematic. Well, he would panic about this without question since it makes his emptiness utterly real. Everything is reduced to pleasure, emptiness, and death. But you would tell him. "You are not going to have to work so hard. You are not going to have overlords controlling your every move in life. You are going to have much more control over your existence which is going to allow you to save some money so you can educate yourself or travel or try and get rich, etc. And you can still believe in whatever you want to believe but you probably aren't once you partake of these things." And he might say something such as, "you mean I'm going to be just like the kings and nobles?" And if you're honest you'd say, "No, not exactly but you will be free."

And then you emptied him out on a modern street where he would probably fare pretty well, In fact, he would begin to recognize his brethren in the working and middle-classes.

You begin to realize that that emptiness is a constant as well and has been responsible for a great deal of history. It is those who take the emptiness seriously that are the troubled ones and always end up trying to enslave others one way or the other.

By the time this century comes to a close I will have understood most, if not all, of the major events, world-wide, which occurred in it. If I do this I obviously sacrifice something else.

Remember this as well. Those of us who have been emptied out into emptiness are vulnerable to every condition around us since it may be our salvation or demise. Thus the politician, the businessman, the academic, the revolutionary, the priest and minister, they are all speaking to us with arcane signs in order to transform our emptiness to their cause. Those who enliven us gain our confidence; those who seem hard and dominant are not trusted. They are speaking to a reality they all think only they understand. That is why a popular, common culture develops, so that the assumptions can be rationalized and taught to subsequent generations and then it is all presented as so huge and overwhelming to intimidate even genius into believing in it.

The fact that one small town, fifty miles from the ocean, with half the size of Berkeley and none of the technology and none of the rapid intercourse with the rest of the world that occurs today; that the little town was more significant in its works than almost all of the work produced in the huge machinery that is this culture, makes one pause to wonder.

Well, what good is it to have that mass of historical information, that deadly cast of facts and names and places and battles and years and so on? You simple need the pressure. You have to find the confidence that a leap in the future would be approved by some light in the past.

Return, return to the present without question.

Another wonderful fact: there are very qualified, fairly honest people who do the necessary and hard work and whose expertise should be very highly valued.

The compression of knowledge has done one palpable thing without any question: that is, it has introduced the idea that there is no history. That the flow of time from past, present, to future is an illusion. And now, apparenly, physics proves it is so.

Well, can history be changed? If time were an illusion then it would be very easy to go back to, say, the holocaust and change it so it didn't occur. Something prevents us from doing that. Presently, we can only go back to the holocaust in memory, in record, stand with the victim and victimizer and inquire into the cause, admit our horror and connect ourselves to the task of never allowing it to happen again.

Since we can see nuclear holocaust occurring in the future in our minds and the way our mind conceives the future, does that mean that it has already occurred and we are in the midst of a choice of whether it happens to use or not? I doubt it except in a vague psychological sense that has little or no meaning.

If you were able to know everything about those 700 years would that mean you would know everything about the subsequent 700 years? Could you know the year 2686? If you can sympathically step your way back into history, generation by generation, why couldn't you step forward, generation by generation, into the future for 700 years and attempt to map out a few intelligent scenarios?

Well, that is the difference between fact and fiction. It is the difference between science and revelation.

I can know the past only because I am stepping through the familiar, through what I recognize as real, through what I absolutely trust as what occurred, including my birth, the birth of my father, grandfather, great grandfather and so on. And the only thing really stopping me is the actual barrier of conceiving sympathetically past my own personal experience.

In this future nothing is assured. Some of the constituents are assured. I think human beings will probably always eat and defecate. They will always have to protect themselves from the elements. But who knows, literally anything and everything is conceivable.

I could even limit this to the Bay Area and N. California and look how this area will be in 700 years. What history will prevail in it? What and whom will travel on it. The Bridge may survive. Barring earthquakes or nuclear disaster there is no reason why those bridges should not survive a paltry 700 years. And they will be admired.

SF will change obviously. Not so much in the residential areas but downtown it will change. That's because the civilization will not be able to sustain the type of philosophy that built the skyscrapers. And when the philosophy changes the architecture changes. It may be that SF will become a thoroughly immigrant city and begin to change the nature of the city to fit its identity or its analysis of identities including the dominance of skyscrapers. Who knows?

Of course that's taking things only a bit into the 21st century, say in the first half. You could see SF being this inept and murky city surrounded by vital, self-contained towns and cities where most of the business is getting down. And so the city would go through very trying times. It would nearly collapse from the pouring out of money into these new developing centers. The influx of crime, drugs, etc. would precipitate a draining struggle and that would last a few years before the pluck and earnest hard work of the new dominant population would win out and want to build a city to be proud of. And by the end of the 21st century, say 100 years from now, you would have a new type of population in SF that would not recognize the immigrant and racial background it came from and would attempt to forge a new identity with elements of this new type of free-floating population developed out of these small and powerful cities that are modeled on classical cities.

A psychological water mark will have been reach when people realize that it is almost impossible for one group to dominate another. A man can have millions of dollars but he has absolutely no control of any other person without their consent. Therefore, distrust that was built up by the close proximity of individuals and groups will have diminished.

Into the 21st century space will start to become colonized. It will become rapidly successful and will begin to initiate in the population, a self-questioning of whether one would want to be colonizers. A particular breed of individual would go. Self-effacing, literate types perhaps who want nothing to do with the maddening crowd, 'back to nature,' types etc. And that will generally have an expansive effect since we will recognize that the species will survive after all.

Regardless of these general developments there will be that ceaseless activity that never ends. That eternal daily round of tasks that exempts no one. The transportation problem will be solved by moving the jobs out of the city and using new communications technology. Those in the "classical" towns and cities will not have to leave except for pleasure, to look for work, to escape something that is particularly galling to him or her. Local economy will begin to imitate global economy and the self-sufficient cities and towns will trade on a grand scale with one another.

Racialism and sexism will become largely irrelevant in the future simply because the economy is demanding more education and generally, racialism and sexism go with ignorance. Not all the time but more often than not. Besides, the society will count these things as aberrations and people so inclined will be 'treated' or will be shunned and cast aside.

The great problem or, one of them that will gain prominence at the turn of the century is that of dealing with huge populations and few wars. There will be wars and each will be an embarrassment for super-states involved. They will provide the super-state with a few heroes and famous battles.

Global travel will become fairly universal, fairly common since the epitome of existence will be measured by the degree of free agency you have in the world. Those who are truly free agents will be envied and imitated by the lesser free-agents who will use their savings to travel globally.

From 1987-2050 there will be episodes of revulsion toward travel. It will appear to be a grotesque symptom of decadence since everywhere has been explored and is available for study and no one lives in their own culture anymore but in a techno-commercial culture where everyone recognizes each other as brothers and sisters. There will be periods, perhaps decades, where humanity will settle back its own traditions and regenerate itself. Then 10-15 years later the desire for travel will start again and enlarge the fruits of that regeneration.

The most astounding developments will come out of biotech and computers. The culture will not seem as complex. It will no longer appear to be growing exponentially but "available" through super computers whose date bases will be birth rights for free democratic citizens.

They will continue to play baseball and football but at some point the society will become highly feminized and the men or boys will throw off the desire for those activities. They will cultivate the arts and slowly but surely, from another quieter, unsuspected quarter, new games will evolve; say, into the first half of 2100 football, hockey, basketball, baseball will be finished as spectator sports.

New entertainments will be developed to conform to the basic pattern of the economic and political philosophy. Pluralistic head games; participatory games played on a grand scale in front of thousands of spectators.

The tension between work and play will ebb and flow likes everything else. In some decades work will dominate in other decades it will be play. 'Society' will become sectored like computer disks and carry different functions. Those sectors will develop their own identity; rivalries and conflicts will develop between the sectors. People will be able to change sectors when they feel used up in one.

Marriage, eating, clothing, housing, etc. will be a constant change.

In the beginning or middle of 2100 a new development will occur that will initiate a whole new cultural pattern. It will begin in some obscure nook in the world, spread quickly. Within a generation or two vast changes will have taken place. We are speaking about 4 generations from today. Marisa's great grandchildren. Whether the change is philosophical or religious is hard to say. I would guess religious since the world will be so heavily drenched and dominated by the technical intellect in the next 150 years or so. Authentic re-discovery of God perhaps. Perhaps contact with life in the cosmos. This change will make the past, including this place we live in, seem sentimental. People will begin to laugh at our accomplishments and wonder why we were nincompoops and the scholars will have to rescue us from time to time and remind them, after all, we "didn't know about such and such."

It could very well be that this change unwittingly subverts our sustaining belief in technology and so technology is forgotten, in a manner of speaking. It simply loses relevance and when it breaks down no one pays much attention; that it kills vast numbers of people and is condemned for that. And that lasts for a long time. In fact, it is very controversial among the intellectual types. They keep debating the significance of this shift, trying to prove that it is doing this, this or this other thing. When the wealthy begin to pay for the new manifestation scholars aplenty will be found to rationalize the hype. And technical manuals will be read like the Bible is read today. In fact the whole technological era will be over because of miniaturization, electronic and nuclear. That will be sustained in the new era just as the moral codes of the Old Testament prophets are adhered to. We find them necessary for some reason and so will the future find the revolutionary technology we are developing at this time.

But, into 2100 now, because of contact with alien life, because of exploration of space, the overwhelming desire and the focus of a great portion of mankind will be on getting off the planet. There will be colonies in space at that time but the new contacts will raise into being the very existence of life on the planet. What is life on this planet truly about? This question will come into deeper focus. Many will not want to leave, will look askance at the whole idea of exploration and colonization and will secretly hope many go to give them more opportunities to expand on terra firma.

But the global debate, over many decades, will initiate a new type of integration and organization that will husband the planet since, again, survival of the species will be guaranteed.

During this 120 year period there will be problems with collective nature getting out of hand; of resisting the governors and have to be ridden back, sometimes with great suffering, to the grinding wheel.

As society sectors itself out the sectors will come more and more to contain like-types. Intelligent people will want to associate with one another; emotional-live-for-the-moment types in another, religious in another. But they will of necessity be in contact and full communication with each other.

Palatable changes will occur every 15 years or so. Surface changes in styles, music, fashion and so on, in response to the sector that will dominate for that period; either in rebellion or quiescence. The great percentage of people will not realize what is going on. They will get a glimpse, will become frightened and surround themselves as quickly as possible with the baubles, trinkets, artifacts of the day.

America will still be recognizable 120 years from now. It will have a federal system. The Constitution will be venerated, although there may be a convention to update it.

In the Bay Area some of the structure now up will be around at that time. They may even exist for 700 years.

Perhaps the biggest story of that 120 year period will be the great war between China and Russia. This lasts for 4 years, involves conventional armies only, although the world waits anxiously about nuclear weapons. The US plays a pivotal role in not allowing the conflict to spread out from the two protagonists. At first it appears that Russia will easily beat China but they get bogged down. The fleet is heavily damaged off the China coast. They are repelled from the capital. Many soldiers die. Most of the battles are fought with lasers and stealth-type fighters. The Russians are repulsed but the Chinese too exhausted to follow and attempt to take Russia over. The consequences are enormous. Leadership changes in Russia. There are several years of harsh repression. There is great loss of power and prestige. It adheres to the global treaty on nuclear weapons that says that any use of nuclear weapons by any other country, for whatever reason, results in the total annihilation of that country by the others with no questions asked. This treaty comes about after the second use of nuclear weapons in time of war in the middle-east by Iran which horrifies and sickens the whole world.

It's during this period that a clash of philosophy develops within the same culture. A clash of attitudes. It's been long recognized that population growth rates and fixed production rates don't jibe too well. On the one hand are those who take a "federal" view and seek to solve mass starvation when it comes, minimize the suffering by investing money, seed, techniques and so forth into the area. The other attitude says that the localities and the families which make up those localities, left to their own devices, can and will survives. "Let the localities alone," is their mantra. The very basic form of economy will not be changed. You will have people exchanging currency for goods; supply and demand will rule the marketplace. The economy will be dedicated to produce the necessities first. This will come after a great depression. This depression will be the result of the economy believing it can sustain itself solely through service and hi-tech. This will not be directly responsible for the depression but leading to it anyway. The depression will be devastating, especially to the immigrants and minorities that pack the cities. There will be a terrible pall over everything. The govt. will instigate the recovery.

Toward the end of 2100 or a bit into 2200 a new threat will emerge in the world. Perhaps a new kind of barbarism or religious/political fanaticism. It will be a scourge for 40-50 years, spawn imitations and will take hold in South America and when the opportunity is right sweep upward through Central America, Mexico and into the US.

In 2200 people will be talking about the decline of the US. It will still strike terror in the hearts of people that the great lady is going under; if not terror, profound sadness. Her people will be totally different than the people who founded her, the people who settled her west, and the people who made her a world power. Being that far removed from the center of its traditions, the new dominant population in the US will respond more to its status as a legendary world power and will not respond to the fact that Japan, some African nations, some S American nation, some regenerated European nations are quickly surpassing her and that insolvable problems exist unseen by her leadership. Democracy will have lost its vitality and simply be a vessel for the corrupt and rapacious to gain wealth and power creating an oppressive situation for the common citizens.

As this decline occurs countries will begin adapting those qualities which were great and sustaining about the US; her freedoms, her energy, her belief in the future. The new scourge will enter through the southwest and bite off huge undefendable sections of the US. They will meet resistance and be driven back to Mexico but the fear will produce very repressive measures. Panic will set in. A 'palace coup' will overthrow the leadership and the new leadership will go in front of the world and ask, plead or demand to use small nuclear devices on the new horde. After great travail and debate permission will be refused.

For the next 20-30 years the US will be turned thoroughly inward, barely cognizant of the outside world, nursing its wounds and anxious about attacks on it. This is about 2240 let us say. The physical appearance of the world in general, civilized world, will be quite pleasing. Nuclear power will be harnessed to private vehicles. The air is accessible to private individuals helping to alleviate road traffic while creating new problems.

In the 250 years from now to then there have been numerous environmental problems. Yet, none has been as catastrophic as had been predicted. The world applies a moratorium on itself in producing certain pollutants and burning fossil fuels.

The human brain is subject to all sorts of experimentation. Transistor micro processing implants become popular. A device is created that can transmit, instantaneously, the whole content of the mind onto a screen that then records it for further use. As this is occurring there is great revolt against "mind rape". There are large groups of people who desperately want to find some escape, some way out of the dilemma that brain tinkering has initiated. It has little to do with brainwashing. It has to do with what exactly is the mind for. What happens when you empty the contents of the mind in that fashion and so forth? It will be argued that such brain emptying simply increases the capacity of the brain; the uses of the brain. That it is voluntary. It's simply what people have always done, except faster, more complete and so on. And it will give people more control over their own cotton-picking selves.

Those born in 1986 would not recognize those born in 2240. Would not recognize the world. Those born in 2240, obviously, would recognize those born and living in 1986.

The most common characteristic of 2240 is disillusionment, followed by reconciliation. After all the choices are fairly wide-ranging. Most lives are quiet and desperate. Violence has increased. Games of violence are initiated to bring down the population in the towns and cities.

The "fall" of America is the most dramatic event of the next 300 years. Just as Rome's decline is dated on the day Alcuin sacked it; so America is thought to 'fall' when the President and Senate are dismissed or retire under pressure and the beaucratic police force take over; the combined remains of FBI, CIA etc. Most of the population is non-plussed. Under the circumstances they see the logic. There are great reactions as well. Civil strife fuels the rationale for the CIA-FBI rule. While this is going on other countries begin emerging into global power, in the vacuum left by the US. China is the super-power. She has a flourishing culture, has successfully integrated socialist conscience with free market supply and demand. The best scholars, artists, musicians, poets float to China and are patronized by rich, flourishing commerce.

The culture produced is a global one. Eclectic. It is based on the very best resources the world offers at that time, undergirded by the fascination with space. People 200-300 years from now won't understand or smile patronizingly at our belief that space is empty, measureless and basically unfriendly.

The dictatorship in America continues into 2300. But it is a tenuous one. For one thing the 'horde' south of the border has broken up so that threat is gone. Next, people are far cleverer than organizations and so form their own little confederations which eventually lead to conflict, even wars. 3 or 4 regional wars break out in America and the dictatorship can only deal with 1 or 2 of them.

The rest of the world is anxious about the US because of the loss of its productive capacity and the fact that it still has nuclear weapons. An historic pact is signed with the Canadians binding the two countries together, ruled separately. But ruled jointly on common economic and security problems.

There's another development during this period of time. One of the last major technological projects of the era is to make the earth absolutely habitable, esp. in those areas where climate precludes such a thing. Great domed habitations dot the ice field, the jungles, and the deserts. Great domed cities of 10-30,000 population, all with communications and transportation capabilities. Thousands upon thousands of these habitations which allows people to work and live and be productive all year round in the most inhospitable climes. Obviously, with access to the habitable outside. This literally changes the face of the 3rd world, the southern hemisphere nations, who develop a new vital culture because of it.

So, at the end of 300 years we have a transformed US. No longer a world power that has been wracked immeasurably by all types of upheavals. You have a major war between Russia and China resulting in the breakdown of Russia. You have space exploration which almost pays for itself; that becomes the status thing for emerging countries. A technological era that plays itself out fully experimenting, testing, etc. until the civilized countries are exhausted by the project. The essence of technology is universally accepted and passed into the natural course of things but, technology as the savior, technology as the infinite possibility, technology as the great boon. No, this ends and so ends the tech era. It is slow. It creates recessions, even a major depression or two. Civilized beings are fueled by some other anomalous venture.

Nukes are used only once during this period after which the global treaty is signed.

Sometime in the 24th century there is a huge cultural revolution of sorts. People know that the world has gone through a trying time filled with crisis and uncertainty. That, in reflection, technology put a tremendous strain the human species but also widened the scope, the window so to say. The window in which human beings climbed through in order to get to a new place, a vista, a platform. To some new generation in the 2400's the past became just that. In fact, they look longingly back to the 19th and 20th centuries rather than the war like path of their fathers and forefathers. And they can see the 3 or 4 hundred years that has marked the beginning and end of the end and they perceive that is at the end and this recognition frees them. It liberates them from any attachment to it. And when they free themselves in this fashion they immediately see how interconnected the assumptions of the elders is with the past and in that tension begin building something new. And this spirit catches fire all throughout the century. At first it is dismissed. Suddenly that past becomes anathema. Everything associated with technology and consciousness and brain transmitting et al will become hateful and the stark human being is celebrated; the naked creature out of the forest. The creator and destroyer of the machine rather than the slave. He becomes grotesquely real; becomes wildly emotional and physically strong. This is the new image of the human being. It is replaced within a generation by a more problematic creature.

He ignores the past completely and surrounds himself with his own fictions. He measures everything in terms of his own birth. "The past? The past is slavery. They only thought they were free." "Look how they slaved to the rhythm of the machine!" These will be comments of the generation.

This generation will escape. The next one will admit its debt to the past but admit that its spirit is derived from the generation before it. The third generation will accept the radical axioms of the 1st generation with aplomb.

New houses, new forms of transport, new adventures for body and spirit, everything new; new expressions, new distributions. And from that moment, for the next several hundred years, everything but a few moments during the Romantic period and antiquity will be lost. The year 2486 will have the same relation to the US as we have to Visigoth history of 600 AD.

There will be people here in the Bay Area. They will wonder about the GG Bridge and Bay Bridge. The curious will. And the history of it will force the interested to dip into the ancient world and history in general.

Berkeley will be remembered for its integral role in nuclear development. The campus will be changed and expanded. Most of the old buildings will remain. Some of the residential areas will become slums and so the architecture will be preserved.

People will have solved the dilemma about the anxiety-creating future by realizing that the future, in this type of society, made people think which always create anxiety since you come face to face with several things: 1) that the mind can know a great deal more than anyone lets on and (2) the future is very dependent on power i.e., it is not dependent on an invisible fate but on a real, tangible object called power. Never power by itself which is a stupid thing and can create all kinds of problems. But the intelligent use of power since you have to assume at some point that the object power does exist and that it is given sanction by a recognizable group of people.

So, the period after 2456 I would call the Era of New Relations.


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